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General recommendations forest fire

General recommendations before a forest fire

  • The forest fire risk indicates the probability of a forest fire occurring. The risk can be exacerbated e.g. by people engaging in leisure activities, so that action needs to be taken even if the danger of a forest fire is low. Lighting fires, both in and outside the forest, always calls for due caution to be exercised – even if the danger of a forest fire is low or moderate.

    You can help to prevent forest fires by observing the following general code of conduct:

  • Find out about the danger of fire locally if you intend to light a fire outdoors.

  • Always comply with fire bans.

  • Heed information provided on the internet, radio, television and in newspapers.

  • Never light a fire outdoors in strong or gusty wind.

  • Never throw away burning cigarettes or matches.

  • Only barbecue food in permanent fire places (concreted base. Avoid whenever possible camp fires directly on the ground).

  • Keep an eye on the fire at all times and immediately extinguish any stray sparks.

  • Do not leave barbecues/fire places and their vicinity until the fire has been completely extinguished.

  • Fireworks are to be let off only in places expressly approved by the local authorities.

General recommendations during a forest fire

  • While a forest fire is burning, avoid any kind of panic, act calmly and exercise good judgment. Follow the sequence: raise alarm – rescue – extinguish. Fires outdoors develop and behave differently from fires in enclosed spaces. So do not try to be a hero; follow the instructions of the local fire service and forestry workers.

    The local fire service or forestry agency is responsible for combating forest fires. They generally have fire-fighting plans and regional bases with forest fire-fighting equipment.

  • Raise alarm

  • Report forest fires immediately by calling 118 (fire service).

  • Warn people who could be endangered by the fire.

  • Rescue

  • Rescue people and animals.

  • Use blankets or coats to wrap around people whose clothes are burning (roll them on the ground and cool with water).

  • Vacate the scene of the fire.

  • Extinguish

  • Do not take any risks.

  • Follow the instructions of the local fire service and forestry service.

General recommendations after a forest fire

  • Following a forest fire, any damage should be assessed and reported so that it can be removed or repaired as soon as possible. The following points should be observed:

    Immediately notify the buildings insurer of damage to buildings

  • by e-mail or by completing a form online

  • by phone

  • by completing a printed form

  • Proceed as follows when rectifying damage:

  • Do not remove damaged parts of buildings, fixtures, fittings or furniture until they have been inspected by the insurance experts (unless immediate action is essential).

  • Obtain an estimate for any repairs or rebuilding work necessary (buildings insurers reserve the right to procure alternative quotes).

  • Together with the loss adjuster, examine possible measures to prevent future losses (if appropriate, submit a grant application to the Foundation for the Prevention of Damage to Buildings (Stiftung zur Prävention von Gebäudeschäden / Fondation de prevention pour les dommages immobiliés).